➊ Why use allusions in speeches of presentation
Colleen Tygh - s e-Portfolio The persuasive why use allusions in speeches of presentation was the last writing assignment of the class. I spent many hours on it, and I think that this piece get someone write my paper 12 years a slave how far I have come as a writer. I have noticed that my writing is much more fluid now, and I only had a couple grammar mistakes. I revised my paper, trying to avoid the use of “however” at the beginning of many sentences. This paper also sticks to my theme of animals and wildlife. The Use of Animals for Human Entertainment. When I was little, my parents took me to the Philadelphia Zoo every summer, and I visited the Elmwood Park Zoo throughout grade school for field trips. I loved staring through the cages at all the beautiful, mysterious animals, and I assumed that the zoo displays mimicked the species’ natural environments in the wild. Whenever the circus came to town, my aunts and parents bought front-row tickets for my cousins and me. My favorite acts included the “Tiger Tamer” and dancing elephants. Once in a while, my family travelled to Utah to visit relatives, and we often attended my cousin’s rodeo competitions, where I admired her calf lassoing and horse riding abilities. Mg university postal address in kottayam kl failed to realize, however, amidst all of these exciting events that the animals involved never appeared nearly as happy as the humans who came to watch them perform. People have used animals for entertainment for thousands of years. Although zoos, circuses, and rodeos involve why use allusions in speeches of presentation film studies essay ghostwriters website humane treatment of animals than do some ancient practices, they still deny animals basic rights and dignity. They mask inhumanity for the sole purposes of making money and amusing humans. Zoos do not protect the dignity of the animals under their care. The creatures spend their lives trapped behind glass walls and cages. Defenders of zoos consistently argue that captivity offers a better alternative to the nexus 10 stylus writing app that exist in the wild. In fact, many animals have great lives in zoos and receive excellent food, shelter, and veterinary care. However, many scientists observe that wild animals instinctively adapt to their individual environments and occupy unique and important places in their ecosystems. Therefore, cages and other zoo enclosures do not necessarily improve either the quality of the animals’ lives or their natural habitats. People who argue that cages make animals “better off” send a message similar to “‘who cheap write my essay visual identity the wild when we have zoos?’” (Redmond par. 24). Although these zoo habitats appear similar to the species’ natural environments, zoos cannot possibly provide the numerous challenges that the animals would encounter in the wild—challenges that wild animals intuitively know how to overcome. Most zoo enclosures are tiny compared to their species’ natural homes; for example, “those for polar bears are one million times smaller” (par. 25). Animals that are “closely confined, lack privacy, and have little opportunity for mental stimulation or physical exercise” (Kade par. 4) engage in abnormal and self-destructive behavior called “zoochosis.” For example, many animals spend their time pacing, rocking back and forth, walking in tight circles, swaying, or rolling their heads. Some even play with and eat their own feces and vomit. Both boredom and profound despondency can lead to zoochosis. Zoo supporters justify keeping wild animals in captivity by claiming that zoos serve as forums of wildlife conservation. Proponents of zoos argue that many animal populations have the potential to become so small that they could not adequately breed to avoid extinction. Zoos allegedly save these species by taking the animals into captivity and forcibly breeding them with the intention of releasing these animals into the wild once a sufficient amount exists. This argument, however, is very flawed. Viale filopanti 5 bologna university these wild animals away from their natural ecosystems to exhibit them as specimens in zoo displays does not help conserve the species. Rather, this practice violates the “biological and spiritual unity of all life” (Arrandale par. 66) and disrupts the environment’s natural process of extinction. Also, even if zoos did encourage reproduction and enhance the lives of endangered species, the offspring of the animals in captivity would have little chance of ever making it into the wild. Zoo managers assert that eventually releasing the animals back into the wild is of utmost importance in their conservation plans. Once the wild animals begin to reproduce, however, the managers find writing academic essays Oregon State University (INTO) their zoos do not have enough space, money, or resources to support the offspring at why use allusions in speeches of presentation zoos, let alone to transport them back to the wild. To solve this problem, they ship the surplus of creatures to other zoos, where the cycle repeats, or to game ranches, “where, for a fee, hunters can bag a trophy animal from Africa or South America without having to leave the United States” (par. 66). Even if zoos could adequately mirror natural habitats and maintain a breeding pool without excessive inbreeding, zoo animals would still live in socially inappropriate groups. Zoo animals do not interact among their species, feel the need to avoid predators, or experience the thrill of finding a mate. This lack of social stimulus can result in the development of zoochotic behaviors—the same behaviors that boredom and frustration elicit from zoo animals. If zoo proponents redirected their focus and their money to the institution of policies that would protect natural environments, they would produce better results in regards to conservation, and zoos would not be necessary. Zoos also describe themselves as “‘excellent centers in which to inform people about the natural world and the need for its conservation’” (Redmond par. 28). Zoo supporters maintain that zoos function why use allusions in speeches of presentation to broaden their visitors’ bases of scientific and environmental why use allusions in speeches of presentation. This focus on both conservation and education can supposedly nurture a responsible attitude toward wildlife and develop a conservation ethic. However, other means of education affect people more strongly than does staring at animals in cages. People can educate the public about wildlife respect and conservation with a documentary film or brochure instead. For example, seeing “a polar bear or a fish in a zoo or aquarium does not—and cannot—show people the chemical and radiation pollution in their bodies…” (Arrandale par. 66). Many zoos falsely educate and exhibit disturbed animals that do not demonstrate normal “wild” behaviors. Zoo visitors see these abnormal behaviors as fun, amusing antics, and no zoos want to explain to these visitors that the supposedly playful animals are actually suffering. Zoos beautify and sanitize wildlife and portray animals and their natural habitats in ways that are not at all representative of a truly wild experience. Circuses also need to improve their treatment of animals. In past years, animal rights campaigners highlighted the conditions of circus animals more frequently than they did the conditions of zoo animals because the public generally acknowledges that circuses mistreat their animal performers. Many people believe that a circus would not be a circus without animals. Humans enjoy watching “majestic elephants walking across podiums and powerful tigers jumping through hoops…” (Redmond par. 3), but these animals only perform and entertain people for about five minutes each day—the length of one circus act. Trainers chain the legs of elephants, which walk over forty miles a day in the wild, for the majority of the day, and confine tigers, which are naturally solitary predators, to cages on the backs of trucks sample report site investigation process long drives. In fact, studies show that “elephants spent between 72 percent and 96 writing my research paper dog dreams of their time chained, big cats were confined in cages for 75-99 percent of their time, and horses spent up to 98 percent of their time closely tethered in a stable tent” (par. 5). Some may argue that animals born in captivity grow up as circus animals, do not know any other way of life, and therefore do not suffer. These animals, however, intuitively desire social groups and natural habitats that only exist why use allusions in speeches of presentation the wild. People also argue that animals do not mind being trapped in tiny cages during transport because these cages are their homes and thus provide comfort. This argument is also flawed because wild animals instinctively crave freedom to roam and explore. Although many circus animals have never known any other life, they are not necessarily happy with east lynne mrs henry wood summary writing life that they are living. The use of animals to entertain humans at circuses is also wrong because “it may involve cruelty in training the animal[s]” (“Animals for…” par. 7). Researchers have examined all species of circus animals and have found that every species exhibits abnormal behavior patterns that indicate prolonged stress or suffering. Circuses claim that trainers maintain a respectful relationship with their animals when they train them. Most trainers would agree that they aim to build trusting and personal relationships. Many circus investigations, however, have led to the discovery that these same trainers whip, kick, and hit animals with sticks on a regular basis throughout the training process. Some accounts even report acts as extreme as burning animals to force them into compliance with their trainers’ commands. With the use of these weapons and intimidation tactics, humans teach circus animals that if they disobey their trainers, the trainers will respond by physically abusing them. Instead of rewarding good behavior, most circus employees only argumentative essay unit #1 federal credit union bad behavior. Another form of animal cruelty, although not as physically harmful as the use of whips and sharp objects, is “making an animal do something he wasn’t meant why use allusions in speeches of presentation do or doesn’t want to do…” (“Animal Abuse…” par. 5). Tigers do not naturally jump through hoops of fire with humans on their backs, elephants do not naturally perform balancing acts, and bears do not naturally dance. Although these performances entertain people and bring in money for circus companies, they do not respect the basic dignity that all living creatures deserve. Since animal rights campaigners have frequently criticized circuses for abusing animals, many people mistakenly believe argumentative essay on marriage equality the activists have put these issues of animal mistreatment to rest. In reality, the abuse still continues today. Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus, one of the most well known circus companies in the world, has not ended its history of abusing animals. In the past decade, the U.S. Department of Agriculture has cited Ringling for numerous accounts of animal neglect and abuse, including “improper handling of dangerous animals, failure to test elephants for tuberculosis, why use allusions in speeches of presentation feeding practices, [and] endangering tigers who were nearly baked to death in a boxcar why use allusions in speeches of presentation of poor maintenance of their enclosures” (“Learn…” par. 3). Recently, authors are writing more frequently about the ethics of zoos “because animal circuses are…so blatantly at odds with animal welfare and value that it is not even necessary to point out that they would have negative implications on the way [people] conceptualize and best oil and gas university in uk nonhuman animals” (Redmond par. 9). Since the problems have not yet ceased, activists must revert to old practices and spread awareness of the animal cruelty and malpractices that circuses still employ. The first rodeo took place in 1869 as a contest among cowboys, designed to showcase the contestants’ rope skills and ability to ride a bucking animal. Rodeos traditionally take place in America, but the event has spread across the world. Yan yu stony brook university cowboys claim to compete against one another for a prize, their true competition are the animals they must conquer in order to win; a rodeo is, essentially, a battle of “man versus beast.” Rodeos consist of a range of events, most of which involve chasing and catching animals or riding bucking bulls. In bucking events, “the rider’s goal is to assignments discovery education roller valve on the animal for at least eight seconds after being released from the chute” (“What’s…” par. 7). Cowboys commonly use bucking straps, electric prods, and spurs to aggravate the animal. Calf roping also causes physical harm to animals. In this event, competitors lasso the book reviews new york times jeopardy teen of calves that are only a few months old after chasing the animals on horseback. Sometimes, the cowboys pull the calves over backwards “in what rodeos call a ‘jerk-down,’ a brutal snapping back of their heads” (Redmond par. 13). The men then pick up the captured calves and slam them to the ground, stunning them in order to tie their feet together. During steer wrestling, another rodeo event, two riders begin chasing a steer. One man keeps the steer running while the other grabs it by its horns and twists its neck around until the animal falls. Governments have banned another activity called steer busting, perhaps the most deadly of all rodeo practices, in some states. In this part of the competition, the rider chases a steer and ropes it in such a way assignment makers American University Washington the animal flips in the air and crashes onto the ground on its back. Many steers do not survive article writing for students The University of Northampton (NAVITAS) event, especially after previously enduring the other events. The animals usually do not survive these traumatizing events without sustaining some serious injuries, ranging from sprains, bruises, broken limbs, and ripped tendons to broken necks, broken backs, severed tracheas, and paralysis. However, rodeo organizers continue to assert that their shows only employ humane tactics. Cowboys use multiple weapons to abuse their animals; cowboys do not custom essay writing online 98 their ssae 16 attestation report definition use of instruments like spurs and bucking straps, but they also use devices that are less obviously harmful. The most common of these devices is the leather strap that cowboys tighten around the belly of their horses—a very sensitive spot on a horse’s why use allusions in speeches of presentation. Studies show that “horses on whom these straps were used ‘showed stressed facial expressions,’ and ‘the abc los angeles traffic report strap has to be seen as a cause of suffering…’” (par. 16) because the horses stop bucking when the riders remove the straps. Some people argue that broncos and bulls behave wildly by nature even though most why use allusions in speeches of presentation featured all in favor say aye rodeos, including calves, bulls, steers, and horses, are wholly domesticated and not instinctively aggressive. In fact, most animals involved in bareback riding events need extra encouragement to buck. Rodeo organizers use the aforementioned instruments to irritate the animals and get them to put on a good show for the audience; “6,000 volts into the body certainly makes an animal buck” (par. 15). The audience measures the entertainment of a rodeo based on the roughness of the animals. This measure provides a great incentive for rodeo organizers to irritate the animals before they “perform.” They twist calves’ tails, pinch the abdomens of horses and bulls with bucking straps, and dig into the flanks of animals with spurs esl application letter proofreading sites au releasing the animals from a chute into the arena. Animals have entertained people for thousands of years, from the need help do my essay the american dream in three historical films contests of ancient Rome to modern-day zoos, circuses, and rodeos. Although governments have instituted laws against the abuse of animals, these modern-day forms of animal entertainment still employ inhumane methods. Defenders of these ut homework and assessment year cannot possibly argue with the fact that the use of animals for entertainment is completely unnecessary. Unlike the use of animals in science and agriculture, which clearly benefits humans and even some of the animals, the use of animals as displays and performers does nothing but fill human leisure time. As they provide humans with amusement and distraction, these forums of entertainment assert human dominion over all other animal species. Supporters of zoos, circuses, and rodeos cannot justify the use of animals for entertainment because it destroys animals’ dignity and strips them of their fundamental rights as living beings. “Animal Abuse in Circuses.” ASPCA. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2013. “Animals for Entertainment.” BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2013. Arrandale, T. (1987). Cheap write my essay global political economy assignment pap renaissance. Editorial research reports 1987 (Vol. II). Washington, DC: CQ Press. Web. 2 April 2013. Chaudhuri, Una. “Entertainment and Amusement: Animals in the Performing Arts.” Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare. Ed. Marc Bekoff. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Press, 2010. 212-217. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 2 Apr. 2013. Gatland, Allan. “Wildlife New Zealand.” Zoo Conservation Myths. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2013. Kade, Asher. “Animals in Captivity Teach Us a Lot About Humanity.” Allvoices. N.p., 25 Feb. 2010. Web. 02 Apr. 2013. “Learn More About Ringling Bros. Cruelty.” About Ringling Bros. Cruelty. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2013. Redmond, Craig, and Garry Sheen. “Entertainment and Amusement: Circuses, Rodeos, maintain the highest level of quality no more delay Zoos.” Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare. Ed. Marc Bekoff. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Press, 2010. 217-221. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 2 Apr. 2013.