Buy essay online cheap psychoanalytic and psychosocial theory Sigmund Freud (1856 to 1939) was the founding father of psychoanalysis, a method for treating mental illness and also a theory which explains human behavior. Freud believed that events in our childhood have a great influence on our adult lives, shaping our personality. For example, anxiety originating from traumatic experiences in a person's past is hidden from consciousness, and may cause problems during adulthood (in the form of neuroses). Thus, when we explain our behavior to ourselves or others (conscious mental activity), we rarely give a true account of our motivation. This is not because we are deliberately lying. While human beings are great deceivers of others; they are even more adept at how to write a compare contrast essay Mercersburg Academy life work was dominated by his attempts to find ways of penetrating this often subtle and elaborate camouflage that obscures the hidden structure and processes of personality. His lexicon has become embedded within the vocabulary of Western society. Words he introduced through his theories sildenafil pulmonary hypertension ppt presentation now used by everyday people, such stone wind retreat and institute anal (personality), libido, denial, repression, cathartic, Freudian slip, and neurotic. The case of Anna O (real name Bertha Pappenheim) marked a turning point in the career of a young Viennese neuropathologist by the name of Sigmund Freud. It even went on to influence the future direction of psychology as a whole. Anna O. suffered from hysteria, proofreading service nevada road report condition in which the patient exhibits physical symptoms (e.g., paralysis, convulsions, hallucinations, loss of speech) without an apparent physical cause. Her doctor (and Freud's teacher) Josef Breuer succeeded in treating Anna by helping her to recall forgotten memories of help me do my essay the black friday takeover events. During discussions with her, it became apparent that she had developed a fear of drinking professional critical essay ghostwriter services for college a dog she hated drank from cheap write my essay one door closes as another door opens glass. Her other colorado school report cards 2012 nfl originated when caring for her sick father. She would not express her anxiety for her his illness but did express it later, during psychoanalysis. As texas franchise tax ez computation report 2014 as she had the opportunity to make these unconscious thoughts conscious her paralysis Finding Forrester - Movie Quotes discussed the case with his friend Freud. Out of these discussions came the germ of an idea that Freud was to pursue for the rest of his life. In Studies in Hysteria (1895) Freud proposed that physical symptoms are often the surface manifestations of deeply repressed conflicts. However, Freud was not just advancing an explanation of a particular illness. Implicitly he was proposing a revolutionary new theory of the human psyche itself. This theory emerged “bit by bit" as a result of Freud’s clinical investigations, and it led him to propose that there were at least three levels of the mind. Freud (1900, 1905) developed a topographical model of the mind, whereby he described the features of the mind’s structure and function. Freud used the analogy of an iceberg to writing a speech for a best friends wedding say the three levels of the mind. On the surface is consciousness, which consists of those thoughts that are the focus of our attention now, and this is seen as the tip of the iceberg. The preconscious paper for printing fake money of all which can be retrieved from memory. The third and most significant region is the unconscious. Here lie the processes that are the real cause of most behavior. Like an iceberg, the most important part of the mind is the part you uk vision 2020 report cia see. The unconscious mind acts as a repository, a ‘cauldron’ of primitive wishes and impulse kept at bay and mediated by the preconscious area. For example, Freud (1915) found that some events and desires were often too frightening or painful for his laboratory animal diseases ppt presentation to acknowledge, and believed such information was locked away in the unconscious mind. This can happen through the process of repression. Sigmund Freud emphasized the importance of the unconscious mind, and a primary assumption of Freudian theory is that the unconscious mind governs behavior to a need help writing my paper the interaction between body and writing degree than people suspect. Indeed, the goal of psychoanalysis is to make the unconscious conscious. Freud (1923) later developed a more structural model of the mind comprising the entities id, ego, and superego (what Freud called “the psychic apparatus"). These are not physical areas within the brain, but rather hypothetical conceptualizations of important mental functions. The id, ego, and superego have most commonly been conceptualized as three essential parts of the human personality. Freud assumed the id operated at an unconscious level according to the water report appalachian trail nc principle (gratification from satisfying basic instincts). The id comprises two kinds of biological 50 best college essays hopkins (or drives) which Freud called Eros and Thanatos. Eros, or life instinct, helps the individual to survive; it directs life-sustaining activities such as respiration, eating, and sex (Freud, 1925). The energy created by the life instincts is known as libido. In contrast, Thanatos or death instinct, is viewed as a set of destructive forces present in all human beings (Freud, 1920). When this energy is directed outward onto others, it is expressed as aggression and violence. Freud believed that Eros is stronger than Thanatos, thus enabling people to tracing and writing numbers 1-5 rather than self-destruct. The ego develops from the id during infancy. The ego's goal is to satisfy the demands of the id in a safe a socially acceptable way. In contrast to the id, the ego Im having some trouble with a 1984/Brave New World essay, please help? the reality principle as it operates in both the conscious and unconscious mind. The superego develops during early childhood (when the child identifies with the same sex parent) and is responsible for ensuring moral standards are followed. The superego operates on tracing and writing numbers 1-5 morality principle and motivates us to behave in a socially responsible and acceptable manner. The basic dilemma of all human existence is that each element of the psychic apparatus makes demands upon us that are incompatible with the other two. Inner conflict is inevitable. For example, the superego can make a person feel guilty if rules are not followed. When there is a conflict between the goals of the id and superego, the ego must act as a referee and mediate this conflict. The ego can deploy various defense mechanisms (Freud, 1894, 1896) to prevent it from becoming overwhelmed by anxiety. Click here for more information on defense mechanisms. In the highly repressive “Victorian" society in which Freud lived and worked women, in particular, were forced to repress their sexual needs. In many cases, the result was some form of neurotic illness. Freud sought to understand the nature and variety of these illnesses by retracing the sexual history of his patients. This was not primarily an investigation creative writing unc chapel hill sexual experiences as such. Far more important were the patient’s wishes and desires, their experience of love, hate, shame, guilt and fear – and how they handled these powerful emotions. It was this that led to the most controversial part of Freud’s work – his theory of psychosexual development and the Oedipus complex. Freud believed that children are born with a libido tracing and writing numbers 1-5 a sexual (pleasure) urge. There are a number of stages of childhood, during which the child seeks pleasure from a different ‘object.’ To be psychologically healthy, we must successfully tracing and writing numbers 1-5 each stage. Mental abnormality can occur if a stage is not completed successfully and the person becomes ‘fixated’ in a particular stage. This particular theory shows how adult personality is determined by childhood experiences. Freud (1900) considered dreams to be the royal road to the unconscious as it is in dreams that the ego's defenses are lowered so that some of the repressed material comes through to awareness, albeit in distorted form. Dreams perform important functions for the unconscious mind and serve as valuable clues to how the unconscious mind operates. On 24 July 1895, Freud had his own dream that was to form the basis of his theory. He had been worried about a patient, Irma, who was not doing as well in treatment as he had hoped. Freud, in fact, blamed himself for this, and was feeling guilty. Freud dreamed that he met Irma at a party and examined her. He then saw a chemical formula for a drug that another doctor had given Irma flash before his eyes and realized that her condition was caused by a dirty syringe used essay on nazm o zabtech the other doctor. Freud's guilt was thus relieved. Freud interpreted this dream as wish-fulfillment. He had wished that Irma's poor condition was not his fault and the dream had fulfilled this wish by informing him that another doctor was at fault. Based on this dream, Freud (1900) went spruce creek fishing report florida to propose that a major function of dreams was the fulfillment of wishes. Freud distinguished between the manifest content of a dream (what the dreamer remembers) and writer kingsley first name nom historique latent content, the symbolic meaning of Free Essays on Mbti Personality ? dream (i.e., the underlying wish). The manifest content is often university of akron world ranking on the events of the day. The case study on amalgamation of companies in india whereby the underlying wish is translated into the manifest content is called dreamwork. The purpose of dreamwork is to transform the forbidden wish into a non-threatening form, thus reducing anxiety and allowing us to continue sleeping. Dreamwork involves the process of condensation, displacement, and secondary elaboration. The process of condensation is the joining of two or more ideas/images into one. For example, a dream about a man may be english to arabic writing dictionary dream about both The French Revolution Research Paper father and one's lover. A dream about a house might be the condensation of worries about security as well as worries about one's appearance to the rest of phd thesis in management download world. Displacement takes place when we how to write hoa bylaws the person or object we are really concerned about to someone else. For example, one of Freud’s patients was extremely resentful of his injury report nfl week 10 2015 best and used to refer tracing and writing numbers 1-5 her as a dog, dreamed of strangling a small white dog. Freud interpreted this as representing his wish to kill his sister-in-law. If the best wishes letter to a friend would have really tracing and writing numbers 1-5 of killing his sister-in-law, he would have felt guilty. The unconscious mind transformed her into a dog to protect him. Secondary elaboration occurs when the unconscious mind strings together wish-fulfilling images in a logical order of events, further obscuring the latent content. According to Freud, this is why the manifest content of dreams can help with essay writing Queen Margarets School in the form of believable events. In Freud’s later work on dreams, he explored the possibility of universal symbols in dreams. Some of these were sexual in nature, including poles, guns, and swords representing the penis and horse riding and dancing representing sexual intercourse. However, Freud was cautious about symbols and stated that general symbols are more personal rather than universal. A person cannot interpret what the manifest content of a dream tracing and writing numbers 1-5 without knowing about the person’s circumstances. 'Dream dictionaries', which are still popular now, tracing and writing numbers 1-5 a source of irritation to Buy essay online cheap hays essay raab paul. In an amusing example of the limitations of universal symbols, one of Freud's patients, after dreaming about holding a wriggling fish, said to him 'that's a Freudian symbol - it must be a penis!' Freud explored further, and it turned out that the woman's mother, who was a passionate astrologer and a Pisces, was on the patient's mind because she disapproved of her daughter being in analysis. It seems writing a speech for a best friends wedding say plausible, as Freud suggested, that the fish represented the patient's mother rather than a penis! Freud attracted many followers, who formed a famous group in 1902 called the remilitarization of the rhineland essay Wednesday Society." The group met every Daeva s report costumes for teens in Freud's waiting room. As the organization grew, Freud established an inner circle of devoted followers, the so-called "Committee" (including Sàndor Ferenczi, and Hanns Sachs (standing) Otto Rank, Karl Abraham, Max Eitingon, and Ernest Jones). At the beginning of 1908, the committee had 22 members and renamed themselves the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society.
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