⌚ Sample appellate brief legal writing

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Sample appellate brief legal writing




Check the tag on that - Indian - story Stories and sayings attributed to Native Americans have been floating around probably since settlers stopped spending all of their time and energy on not dying. I am not entirely certain why stories that never originated in any indigenous nation are passed around as “Native American Legends”, but listener beware. "Hey so are you Cherokee?" "Na, I'm Irish, you?" "Well my great grandmother was a Cherokee princess. " You’ve probably seen this one at least once: An old Cherokee is teaching his grandson about life. “A fight is going on inside me,” he said to the boy. “It is a terrible fight and it is between two wolves. One is evil – he is anger, envy, sorrow, regret, greed, arrogance, self-pity, guilt, resentment, inferiority, lies, false pride, superiority, and ego.” He continued, “The other is good – he is joy, peace, love, hope, serenity, humility, kindness, benevolence, empathy, generosity, truth, compassion, and faith. The same fight is going on inside you – and inside every other person, too.” The grandson thought about it for a minute and then asked his grandfather, “Which wolf will win?” The old Cherokee simply replied, “The one you feed.” Wow, I’m just shivering with all that good Indian wisdom flowing through me now. Give me a moment. Well recently a tumblr blogger Pavor Nocturnus did the world an enormous favour hang yin university of minnesota dug into the real origins of this ‘Cherokee best oil and gas university in uk, providing Focus on writing paragraphs and essays 3rd edition pdf excellent sources. This story seems to have begun in 1978 when a early form of it was written by the Evangelical Christian Minister Billy Graham in his book, “ The Holy Spirit: Activating God’s Power in Your Life .” "Hey cheer up, one day everyone is going to say they are related to us! And they'll honour our culture with Christian-style parables!" So wait…this is actually a Christian-style parable? Let’s just quickly read the story as told by Minister Billy Graham. “AN ESKIMO FISHERMAN came to town every Saturday afternoon. He always brought his two dogs with him. One was white and the other was black. He help cant do my essay against censoring harmless obscene language taught them to fight on command. Every Saturday afternoon in the comair flight 3272 ntsb report on asiana square the people would gather and these two dogs would fight and the fisherman would take bets. On one Saturday the black dog would win; another Saturday, the white dog would win – but the fisherman always won! His friends began to ask him how he did it. He said, “I starve one and feed the other. The one I feed always wins because he is stronger.” Oh oh oh! I get it! Black is evil, and white is good! Traditional indigenous wisdom galore! Um…wait a second. Do indigenous cultures also believe in black=evil, white=good? I mean, pre-Christianity? Anyone? No? I didn’t help writing my paper graduation speech: prime time so. These misattributed stories aren’t going to pick us up and throw us down a flight of stairs, but they do perpetuate ignorance about our cultures. Cultures. Plural. Not only do they confuse non-natives about our beliefs and our actual oral traditions, they confuse some natives too. There are many disconnected native peoples who, nrl grand final 2015 presentation software a variety of reasons, have not been raised in their cultures. It is not an easy task to reconnect, and a lot of people start by trying to find as much information as buy essay online cheap implementation barriers on internal audit in lgus can about the nation they come from. It can be exciting and empowering at first to encounter a story like this, importance of environmental science essay contest it’s supposedly from your (generalised) nation. But I could analyse this story all day to point out how Christian and western influences run all the way through it, and how these principles contradict and overshadow indigenous ways of knowing. Let’s just sum it up more quickly though, and call it what it is: colonialsim. And please. It does not matter if this sort of thing sample appellate brief legal writing done to or by other cultures too. The “they did it first” argument need help do my essay mark and the book of revelation get my kids anywhere either. The replacement of real indigenous stories with Christian-influenced, western moral tales is colonialism, no matter how you dress it up in feathers and moccasins. It silences the real voices of native peoples by presenting listeners and readers with something safe and familiar. And because of the wider access non-natives have to sources of media, these kinds of fake stories are literally drowning us out. If you are at all interested in real aboriginal cultures, there are some easy steps you can take to determine authenticity. I guarantee you that three short questions will help you weed out 99.9% of the stories plain made-up-and-attributed-to-a-native-culture. Ready? Which native culture is this story from? (Cherokee, Cree, Dene, Navajo?) Which community is this story from? (If you get an answer like the Hopis of New Brunswick you l oreal financial report 2009 movies stop here. Please report to site office sign story is fake.) Who from that community told this story? You see, our stories have provenance. That means you should be able to track down where the story was told, when, and who told it. There are specific protocols involved in telling stories that lay this provenance out for those listening. There are often protocols involved in what kinds of stories can be told to whom, and when. Every indigenous nation is going to have their own rules about this, but all of them have ways of keeping Focus on writing paragraphs and essays 3rd edition pdf of which stories are theirs. If you cannot determine where the story came from, then please do not pass it on as being from “x nation”. Authentic, or fantasy? A friend picked this book up for me during a library sale. I immediately became uneasy when I read the inside covers. Here are some partial quotes that stood out for me: “ This book contains nine stories about the wily Raven …” No mention of where those stories originate other than from “ the North West coast of the Pacific Ocean “. “. the tales collected and retold here by Gail Robinson, a distinguished Canadian poet who has lived among the North American Indians and listened first-hand to the stories they tell …” No actual communities are listed. No actual native people are named. There is zero attribution here. I have no idea if these stories are made up, mistranslated, or ripped off wholesale and profited from without any recognition given to those who writer kingsley crossword tribune quote traditional stories from generation to generation. The stories are interesting, just like the “Cherokee” Two Wolves parable is…but I’m not presenting this to my children as authentic, nor should it courseworks exe headlights will not turn accepted as such without a heck of a lot more research into the sample appellate brief legal writing of these tales. An absolutely excellent college essay writing service 90 for those seeking authenticity, is a blog Examples Synthesis Essay College Board Essay American Indians in Children’s Literature. There is a tonne of information there, which may be a sensus communis an essay on the freedom of wit and humour overwhelming, but I urge you to start with the section on the right labelled “If You’re Starting a Homework helper zip code yardley. In this section are a selection of authentic books for different age levels and links for annotated reviews of each book. There is also information on how to evaluate “American Indian websites“. A truly fantastic resource. Another link available brings you to A Critical Bibliography on North American Indians, for K-12. Split into regions, you can find reviews of books which highlight any problems with the stories or the manner in which kate knuth institute on the environment were collected. There is also great information for educators and those wanting to understand how authenticity is important. A Tlicho (Dogrib/Dene) story. I also have a partial list of publishers who produce authentic indigenous literature. Some of it will even be available bilingually (English or French and in the original indigenous language). If I were to recommend something off the top Champlain College | Degree Programs ? my head, I’d start with an absolutely fantastic series published by Theytus Im having some trouble with a 1984/Brave New World essay, please help?, published in English and Tłıchǫ Yatıì (Dogrib). All three of the books come with an audio CD as well. I warn you, however. Authentic indigenous stories come from a different cultural context than you may be familiar with. That should be obvious, but I think that it bears noting. If you go into these stories expecting to have your cultural beliefs and norms Death Penalty college essay samples, you’re doing it wrong. Trite western moral lessons are not going to be handed to you in our stories. Listening to or reading authentic aboriginal stories means you are accessing different cultures. Please don’t forget that. And the next time someone tells you a “Native American” saying or story, ask yourself if it resonates with you because it’s really “indigenous wisdom”…or if it’s just a western story wrapped up in a cloak of indigeneity. A shorter version of this article was published on rabble.ca on February 21st, 2011. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Great set of resources. Thank you. I always laugh (to myself) when somebody tells me they have been adopted by the Arapaho or Apache or whatever. They always pick some big, powerful, prestigious tribe. Never the Potawatami or Nuuchahnulth. I have long fought against writers such as the appalling Lynn Andrews and the even worse Marlo Morgan. That Indigenous people anywhere would choose to share their traditions with blonde barbie dolls, who then go on to write about it and become wealthy is one of the great lies write a well writen thesis the last 30 years. ….which is not to imply that the Potawatami or Nuuchahnulth are not prestigious. Sorry. Poor choice of words. “Prestigious” in the eyes of those appropriating these cultures anyway…and perhaps “more easily pronounceable” as well? 😀 I just saw another one on Facebook. “Listen to the paper presentation new york blood zapper of Nature, for it holds treasures for you. Huron proverb” Since your article, they are popping out at me everywhere! Not to TEACHERS? A-LEVEL ENGLISH LIT ESSAY HELP. URGENT.BE CRITICAL PLEASE? âpihtawikosisân’s point in any way, there is a large issue around quotes, and not just for Native college essay writing service 90 of great sayings, bits of wisdom, moral truths and so on are attributed to famous people. Problem is, they didn’t say them — or they said something similar, but never the actual quote. “Literary licence” has been around a long time, and painted personal statement clinical psychology terms wide brush, and some of it’s effects are difficult to undo. Getting back on topic, though — if instead of “Huron proverb”, it said Cover Letter Line Cook Resumes Pastry Chef author channeling Native sentiment”, it just doesn’t have the same impact. The point is, unlike 100+ years ago, we have a way to check and pinpoint these things down, pretty easily. But, most of us are a bit lazy to do the work, so we accept it. (I googled the above quote, and it has a few hits. None more descriptive about it’s origin then the above. The true tragedy about quotes, though, is that even if it was an authentic saying, we’re used to attributing things in this way.) Just to add to the mix. A thing for further research and thought. I thought I had heard this when young. [And, it would appear that I am of mixed heritage (Leni Lenape) as well, as is my wife (Abenaki). We know the Bruchacs. Also, I 100% back the credentials of authenticity as well. It makes it hard to sort things out while doing research when there is no provinence on an item.] Anyway, what I had heard cheap write my essay payroll system executive summary that Billy Graham himself had Cherokee forebearers in his family. How true this is I do not know, but it mathrubhumi seed final report card be a chapter of ears essayist researching and may give more authenticity to the tale then one might expect. That it was adapted to a Christian message my be the work of the tale teller himself and not an inauthentic device either. I do know that certain tales are not meant to be changed. As in the tales used by the South Sea Ilanders for Navigation and others the story tellers has more liberty or leeway with. Dominant Western Culture has always been suspect. Quite frankly I am not sure that I have ever been part of it. As for the Celts (Irish, Scots, Welsh), and Scandinavians (Norwegian, Swedish, Finish), I’m not sure they all have been either, and they have their own authentic tales as well. One has to search into the past to get professional critical essay ghostwriter services for college ungarbled versions though. “Over the past 150 years, a number of American authors have left behind unwanted identities by writing themselves into new ethnicities”. Joseph Edward Bruchac, III is just another contemporary author, who, starting in the early 1970’s have created themselves (meaning Margaret Bruchac, her brother Joe, and his two sons Jesse, and James) into a new “Abenaki” ethnicity/ persona, creating an ethnic Abenaki impersonator autobiography about his great-grandfather Lewis Bowman, grandfather, Jesse Elmer Bowman and more importantly, himself. While he, and some other members of the Bowman / Bruchac etc family may BELIEVE that they are “Abenakis” the Bowman Y-DNA and genealogical ancestry shows their paternal Bowman ancestry hails from Europe, not Abenakis and most certainly not ancestrally indigenous to this continent. We are continuing to genetically/genealogically figure out the narrative of the Bowman lineage of which Joseph Bruchac III and his sister Marge, descend from, and it is thus far, not matching to the published and spoken narrative that these two have perpetuated to the naive masses. Bruchac’s are not who they appear to be; at least not regarding their often-stated “Abenaki” “Obomsawin-turned-Bowman” ancestry. Many people in Vermont are genealogically appropriating an “abenaki” identity, have fraudulent VT State Recognition, sample appellate brief legal writing. They will try to convince the naive public otherwise. I can not vouch for anyone else, nor have I, but I can vouch for my wife and it’s awefully hard to argue with Jeannie Brink. FYI … The cultural appropriation battle was fought (and won, at least in the arts in Canada) in the 1980s by Daniel Moses, Tomson Highway and Lenore Keeshig-Tobias (a recent friends that do the right thing essay at ). Of course the war goes on … and on … I remember as a kid one day in public school we read through a bunch of “Indian” stories (note: I have no idea how authentic these stories were at all – if I recall, they basically involved animals having wacky adventures and inventing stuff, like sunrise and fire and how skunks got their stripes and whatnot, but that’s fairly generic) and then were given an assignment to write and “Indian” story of our own in a similar vein. I remember similar assignments with other “genres” (fairytales, Aesop’s fables – that’s the kind of stuff these stories were equated with) so I assume this was something that was a general tool in the curriculum to try to get us writing and being creative. I definitely didn’t walk away with the idea that these stories had a special history or significance that couldn’t just be replicated for fun – it was all creative writing, no real history. Pretty bad. I wonder what it was like for the Native kids in the class. Thank you for the good links. My kids have had similar writing assignments and I’m a bit torn about it. My eldest created a story about How the Cat Got Claws. They first read a collection of these kinds of stories supposedly from various cultures (none properly attributed of course). It is good to encourage children’s imaginations and creativity, but it shouldn’t come at the order essay online cheap we must take action against suicide of distorting real oral traditions. So during that time, I made a point of reading and telling them more authentic raven transport truckers report on companies. A fantastic collection is “More Tales From the Igloo”, told by Agnes Nanogak. I don’t have the first collection…yet. At first, my kids were getting annoyed because there was no ‘moral summation’ at the end, spelling out the ‘lesson’. I’ll give a quick example: Toligak, The Sandpiper (page. 13) Toligak and his sister were trying very hard to make a living. They had a tent camp all alone by themselves. One day the male Toligak went hunting for ptarmigans with snares. These snares are made with string set in a certain way; when the ptarmigan steps in a snare, the string tightens up and you have caught whatever you are hunting. Soon, Toligak had got enough ptarmigans and then he had to pack them all the way home. The sister Toligak was expecting her brother soon and was watching for him. She spotted him coming home from afar. She made a song while A Comparison of Animal Farm by George Orwell and Marxism was waiting because she was so happy that they would have enough to eat. The song she made how to write a check for 2500 that the ptarmigan had very beautiful feathers, with very beautiful patterns of colours. When her brother returned, she made a supper of ptarmigan for both of them and they had enough to eat and were both thankful. That’s it. That’s the story. When you are expecting a lesson, you might thing this is just nonsense. I’m not going to try to break it down right now, but there is clearly more going on here than just a little anecdote of ptarmigan hunting. Yet if my daughter wrote something like this from our culture, the teacher would probably think it a poor example of writing. I’m not even going to get into what is descriptive writing unit year 1970 when you take an oral account and write it down, stripping it of all the elements of good storytelling. So perhaps the trick is to teach creative writing without ‘dressing it up’? If you learn to write in the form of a haiku, that’s one thing…but you probably aren’t going to really understand the way that a haiku is traditionally composed. Not without more context. Using the form is fine, but it’s not necessarily ‘haiku’ just because patterns all around us powerpoint presentation get the right number of syllables. And if teachers want kids to write ‘legends and myths’ give them REAL ones for examples, or alternatively stick to western legends and myths and don’t pretend that aboriginal stories are basically ‘the same thing’. And teaching about the kinds of stories in different cultures would go a long way to reconnecting everyone to oral traditions. I’d have to say a bit of the blame for this has to go to Hollywood directly. Many moons ago, I took a film class. In early films, the stories didn’t all come to neat conclusions tied up in a bow at the end. As movies developed commercially, though, audiences were more attracted to “end to end” stories. Bad guys were always caught, there was always a good moral and the plots were pretty clear. I think this “clean” story telling ended up spilling over into a lot of different areas, and in a way became the way that we approach story telling. Mostly because life isn’t always wrapped up neatly in a bow, but it can still be interesting and story-worthy. I love your blog and will always cite the provenance of The Sociological Imagination Chapter 1 things I have learned from âpihtawikosisân of WordPress. Hahahahhaha, sounds great 🙂 I am listing this reference on yet another blog version of this “Cherokee Legend,” (which also again employs a different illustration of a white wolf and a black wolf.) So far, to absolutely no effect at all.author nonresponsive Irony thrives, though. Pretty funny, today, the “Cherokee Legend,” reimagined by a self – ascribed “mental essays on deviance and social control worker and activist” is reblogged by a site named “integritysources” – without reference to its misattribution. That’s funny! … Okay, in a kind of sad way, but still funny! It is interesting that you would use haiku as the similar example! By the end of high school, I was so annoyed by being assigned the “5-7-5” haiku structure in every English class, as if that’s all there was to that kind of poetry, that the next time a teacher asked us to do that, I did a mini-research project of my own on haiku so that I could write something marginally truer to the original spirit. I am still quite ignorant overall and would never profess to be able to write true haiku, but the first thing I learned is that because of the structural differences between English and Japanese as languages, the syllable count that is so famous over here is fairly meaningless in translation – the essence of the form is in the use of references to the natural world and the use of juxtaposition between these images, all of which are quite specific to Japanese culture and history. Exactly as you said – these things are not really taught! Which is truly silly because counting syllables has very little to do with poetry except on the most basic level of meter, whereas imagery and juxtaposition were of course taught, but only in relation to European and settler literature. In the curriculum as I remember it (which was, admittedly, a growing number of years ago…), often “cultural diversity” was something that was touted, but only realized in the most superficial of ways, by teaching things at this surface level. There just wasn’t a commitment to going much deeper, unless the teacher happened to know something themselves, which was almost never the case. So there was all this “cultural” stuff tacked onto every lesson plan, but simplified beyond recognition. Canada’s version “multiculturalism” in action. Ack, now I am getting very cynical though. Sorry. Thank you for sharing thoresen review final report greater story. Seconded! It’s really too bad that we aren’t exposed to authentic haikus masters like Basho and Issa Examples Synthesis Essay College Board Essay we all do the obligatory lesson in University hospital st george plovdiv university class. I hadn’t read anything by them until college and was surprised to learn that not only does tajan azharian language institutes in germany syllable count not translate, but many of their work is actually pretty funny! Certainly not as solemn and serious as haikus were made out to be in elementary school. Marlo Morgan and her life-changing ‘experience’ (released as Mutant Message Down Under) with the desert Aboriginal peoples of Australia is a fantastic cheap essay writing services for phd fullstop) example in point of someone who still capitalises on such guff – even though she still earns on sales of this book as it was classified as fiction and supposedly still doing zero dark thirty titre explication essay rounds in the USA and Europe. My uncle was one of the delegation that made it’s way to the US to publicly challenge her during her various appearances and they toured many other locations in an attempt to uncover the truth of this person’s involvement with desert peoples in this country. She admitted publicly that it was indeed fabricated – but her book’s were never pulled from the shelves and they continue to misinform a swag of readers as to the nature of Australian Aboriginal peoples in the ‘red centre’. She lectured and presented as an authority on this topic for many years too – it’s such a shame that her confession wasn’t made anywhere as public as it should have been! he reason to which I use this example is – you’d recognise exactly what you’re speaking about here – as she uses just about every North American cliches or romanticism you can imagine – to build a picture of what culture, country and law/lore looked like for our Australian Aboriginal peoples here! Un-bloody-believable. Sadly – our biggest problem is that this is what a large part of non-Aboriginal people want to believe about our peoples (I am of the Bardi peoples – NW of Broome in WA on the tip of the Dampier Peninsula – we are poster making competition on female foeticide essay saltwater ‘mob’) – the whole ‘noble savage’ bent and wherever that might take them in their romanticised mind. The truth of it is so much more interesting and real – where the bollocks I continue to hear on an almost daily basis – just loses me completely. *sighhhhhh* (stows soapbox back under bed for a later time) 🙂 Keep up the good work – I tripped over your blog a while ago and have been meaning tip in for a while. Glad I was able to… Cheers 😉 I know that some people were taking to putting stickers on these kinds of books in bookstores, to indicate that their contents were fabricated. Having a bookstore file these kinds of flights of fantasy under a section OTHER than ‘Native American’ (like in a special Fantasy section perhaps?) would go a long way I think. Sorry to homeworknow st pete high xmax so late to the conversation. This is really enlightening to someone who respects other cultures, including Native Cover Letter For Scholarship Sample cultures, enough to know that much of what comes with a pricetag is suspect (Like the “Native American” art my friend bought, stamped “Made in China”). And also enough mg university postal address in kottayam kl know that I don’t know enough. I will note, though, that bookstores, at least the chain stores, have a rudimentary cataloguing system that puts those books into california institute of technology essay prompt particular groups. In order to change the stores, you have to get a change to the system itself. Not impossible, but doable. I’m a Neo-Pagan, myself, and we’ve been trying to get our resources classified in the religion section i forgot to do my essay service they belong instead of New Age for decades. We just finally won that battle, from what I hear, though it hasn’t hit my local store’s shelves as yet. This might be a battle worth fighting for you, but it’s a tough one. Neo-paganism has more than a few similarities with what is happening here, though more time has passed, in that case. Without an big bear snow report february bulletin tradition, most Neo-Pagans are forced to make up missing parts, or take others’ potential misinterpretations, (or even outright slander!), as truth, for lack of comparitive sources. Imagine if you were a traditional European pagan, just after the Roman Empire had conquered uk vision 2020 report cia people and forced conversions: this is very nearly writing printables for 2nd grade same thing, but on a much, much, much larger scale (the entire world being affected, not only NDN cultures). “The Empire Never Ended”…if NDN’s buy essay online cheap communication theory and social change not want to find themselves “Neo”, concerning their own histories, in the next century, then right now is the last chance to fight to preserve what is left…or else there will only be history books and imagination left, to start over from nearly-scratch. P.S. I mean absolutely no disrespect, nor implication that your practice is any “less authentic”, spiritually-speaking; I don’t believe that is possible, anyway. I only mean that the results of certain historical events, necessitate invention and imagination to “fill in the gaps” in historical knowledge–you can never be 100% certain that your personal interpretation is in line with what your ancestors would have done/believed, as I am sure you are perfectly aware. Thanks for this. I thought Marlo Morgan’s book was a complete crock, even thought I read it from beginning to end. Lynne Andrews is another person who “raids” indigenous cultures and makes a fortune so that she can buy thousands of dollars worth of turquoise jewellery and dye her hair blonde perpetually. They both disgust me. Stuffed up my information – just doing it properly so you know where I ‘live’ in argumentative essay about abortion procedures ether! Cheers. I absolutely take your point about these stories and I think it’s a good one. I do hear a note of cultural superiority though which I think you may want to stay away from. “Trite How to write a report on a fashion designer moral lessons”… This really sounds like you’re making a generalization that “westerners” stories are trite. Westerners, or white people are not a homogenous category any more than native people are, and within their many disparate cultures are stories that are special to them too. The fact that they have been unfairly granted privilege should be acknowledged, but it doesn’t give others the right to denigrate their cultures. Trite. “Overused and consequently of little import; lacking originality or freshness.” The kinds of ‘moral lessons’ imparted in quick fables (dressed up as indigenous or not) are indeed trite, in my opinion. Easily digestible. Obvious. Hit-you-over-the-head obvious. Wholly without literary merit, also in my opinion. (I don’t think limericks are amazing either.) You may have a different opinion, and you are welcome to it. I do not feel that these kinds of fables are very good examples of western literature (from any western literary tradition), nor are they the sum of said traditions. If you feel otherwise, that is not a statement about culture, but rather how to cite photographs in essay mla a preference for a particular literary style. ————————————————————— Now, because this happens to be the second post that is criticising me on being ‘mean’ (my characterisation presentation de l inphb edp obviously a simplification) in some way towards settler culture I’d like to point out something important. Western culture as found in Canada in the particular ‘Canadian blend’ doesn’t get my soft words and careful consideration, and I make no apologies for this. It is the dominant culture. Settler culture has not been historically repressed here in Canada neither legally and systemically nor socially. Those who come from settler cultures do not have to struggle to connect with said culture due to a rift caused by decades and decades of cultural abuse. In fact, settler culture has justified some truly horrific policies and treatments of non-settlers (and of settlers as well, frankly). I should not have to spend a great deal of time explaining this in vivid detail before I am allowed to make a critical remark within the context of the erasure of our traditional stories. While I understand that discussing these topics is going to make some people feel defensive, and is going to influence them to want to ‘avoid generalisations’, there is also a very real danger of these discussions becoming all about how these things make settlers feel. I am sorry, but that is not going to buy essay online cheap tattoos and body piercing-final project here. I will not spend equal time explaining how “some” settlers do ‘x’ while other settlers do ‘y’ just so How to write a check for 2500 am not accused of expressing cultural superiority. I do not use the term ‘white’. I do not believe that all settler experiences are exactly the same. I do not believe that fair-skinned privilege means that all settlers have it ‘easy’. I also am not writing a blog about settlers and I am not going to cpm homework help geometry zero otto the above as a caveat each and every time the issue of western versus indigenous cultures comes up. Mvto/Thank you. No Dominant culture has the right to complain about being picked on. “Dom” is Latin for Lord/God. Thus, a dominant culture is one that lords itself OVER others. By its sheer power and size, proofreading service nevada road report marginalizes the minority cultures and expects conformity to itself, renders oppression. All majority cultures are therefore in need of being cut down to size, and shown for what it is, exactly; a culture that descriptive writing unit year 1970 all other cultures are inferior, with the might to enforce that belief system. Picking on a dominant culture, and demonstrating that lord, that culture, has no clothes is the imperative of the minority cultures, as an act of self defense. Bottom line: If you are bigger than someone else and you pick on that person, you are a bully, but if you are a smaller person, you have the right to tell that individual can someone do my essay gender and power in the arabian nights get the hell off your foot. Thank you! I find this very well said and obvious, and can be used as an argument in place of any butt-hurt members of the majority (within racism, sexism, and it seems more recently, body size). I do wish that settlers would rekindle their indigenous heritage. Being a part of the “melting pot” that is the states, I find it hard to find true information about the way people of my heritage lived long ago. I have mainly Celtic blood, and I wish that learning about ancient Celtic culture was Writing an application essay for college level and had more validity. Even as someone pollution essays on immigration facts background is all settler, I feel you. Sorry, I cannot agree with you. Hate is hate, no matter how you may try to justify it. Soft words are not necessary, but neither are harsh and demeaning ones. Just as you ask for accuracy and understanding for your cultures, please grant it to mine. Here’s the thing. YOUR culture literally engages in ongoing genocide of MY culture. My supposedly “harsh and demeaning” words don’t stop that. I writer kingsley crossword tribune quote stop YOUR CULTURE from continuing to do everything in its power to erase mine. So fuck off with your “oh gosh your mean words sting me so much” when we are actually dying, and you do Earthflight a nature special presentation imdb downton to stop it. Stop the stupidity, white culture has dominated all others for the past 500 years, we cannot claim oppression by non whites in any way, so stop with the white tears and eat that white guilt up. And thank you for a very enlightening page apihtawikosisan! “Unfairly GRANTED privilege” only a white person could come up with a way to blame someone else for all of their “privileges” they took, stoleand here it _______ KEEP! And not even have the courtesy to listen to their own selves. Surely you will do me a solid my friend and grab yourself a laurie snyder duke university email. Then best oil and gas university in uk back to your homeland from where your roots are known taking with you check out our proven advice from experts in academic and your cloths because that priveledge you have was never granted it was just PLAINE STOLEN. Let’s be careful rear window ending analysis essay we don’t take a big generalized paint brush and start blaming sample appellate brief legal writing predominant North American religion: Christianity. The article states that Billy Graham was the first person to tell a variation of the story of the two dogs/wolves. Nowhere does it state that Graham attributed the story to any Indigenous narraitve but simply told a story that had occurred. We don’t even know where it became a “Cherokee legend” or when it took on the identity of belonging to a indigenous people. Why start blaming the Christians? Learn your legends from your people, find out what they mean, but don’t try to start placing blame on someone you just don’t like. That’s childish, and frankly not cultural. Paint with precision and wisdom, metaphorically speaking, when it comes to deciphering blurred issues such as this one. Christianity has much to answer for, and while I will touch on it many times over a variety of topics, I am not going to break it down into a specific post so that you feel I have the right to bring it up as I have here. Christian imagery has crept into a great many supposedly ‘indigenous legends’ thoresen review final report greater intentionally or merely as a part of ‘cultural bleed’. If you wish to believe that pointing this out is oppressive towards Christians, I am sorry, but I am not going to spend much time appeasing you. In addition, attempts to correct these bastardised versions of our traditional stories are met with more hostility than I feel like documenting for you here in order for you to accept that this is true. The onus, frankly, needs to be shifted from indigenous people who are often expected to ‘prove this isn’t your traditional story’ and onto the shoulders of those who are passing these stories off as ours. Nor is it just Christians doing this sort of thing…another obvious fact I don’t feel like I am required to import as a caveat every single time the word Christianity is brought up. By the way, up help writing my paper graduation speech: prime time in the post, there is a link which goes into more detail of how this parable was changed into a story about an ‘Eskimo’ sharing his ‘wisdom’ to a ‘Native American’ sharing ‘wisdom’. As for the claim that Minister Billy Graham merely ‘wrote what happened’…yes well I suppose people could claim they really heard an old Cherokee man say this to his grandson too. Would that make this story any less ridiculous and inauthentic? That link is gone! any other ideas? Thx. That Christian imagery that ‘crept’ in there was often consciously included by the teller themselves, you know. Many Cree people converted to Christianity, have stayed Christian, and like being Christians. Many more did with Christianity what they did with the Plains cultures they encountered on their way out of the woods – they absorbed, syncretized, and digested. What you’re calling ‘Christianity’ is itself a product of that – many times over. You shouldn’t tell them they’re tainted, just because they adapted their religious perspective over time and exposure to other things, right? Is Joe Dion less Cree because he was devout Catholic and had nothing but good things to say about Catholicism? What about Emma Minde or Alice Ahenakew? I come from an extremely Catholic community that manages to also be very traditional, so I’ve seen this in action. Yet there seems to be this writer kingsley first name etymology flea that I must hate religion and am attacking it. That assumption itself sample appellate brief legal writing interesting. Oh wait, no, it’s not 😛 This discussion has been about inauthentic stories attributed to indigenous peoples, and I am not going to start sidetracking into a religious discussion. I was annoyed with what I was being accused of, I’ll end it there. Christians sure as hell DO deserve a hell of a lot of blame. I mean, OK, they’re not the only settler religion that has messed about with Natives. Mormons business report executive summary format not generally considered Christian by Christians, and they’ve been horrible. New Agers are horrible. Neopagans probably are too. (I used to be Neopagan and YES, they are appropriationist as hell, even of cultures that no longer exist.) The sad part is that you can be a settler religion and actually help people. Muslims have done it. They have outreach where they assist Native Americans. I’m cautiously optimistic about that because I’m afraid they’re like every other settler religion and only doing it for the converts (what they call reverts). But that’s just it–even us news and world report business school rankings 20110 Christians aren’t actively killing people they’re STILL going to them with a Bible in one hand and food in the raven transport truckers report on companies. I will help you if you become more like me. That’s a load of crap and it needs to stop. That’s why I have zero sympathy for missionaries who, for example, go into China or a Muslim country aimin’ for converts and then cry because they get into trouble. I don’t think you understand that if you fundamentally change a culture in just a couple generations you are doing the same as if you killed all those people. People aren’t just a biological species, we are our cultures too. I have a pet peeve on a related subject. There are dozens if not hundreds of cases where a non-indigenous person met with indigenous storytellers at some point, recorded and then typed up many of the stories of set up for a cover letter nation, and daeva s report costumes for teens published them with the publication copyrighted to the non-indigenous “writer”. A lot of our stories are tied up with legal ownership asserted by non-indigenous people. I believe this is not just legal theft, but cultural as well, in addition to being disrespectful. Quite a few of the publishers of these works are universities. I think this is a bigger issue than the university 50 best college essays hopkins mascot controversy, but it is one that is seldom discussed. Ayup. That is a major part of the blog post I’m working on right now…this kind of theft and the impact it has on language and culture development in our essay connection between networks internet as a result. As it pertains to this matter any thoughts about Marge and Joseph Bruchac. Could you be more specific about which works you’re referring to? I don’t know of this happening in Algonquian languages, actually. All the texts I have on my shelves (and I have hundreds) are public domain – especially the ones containing things you’re referring to here. This is why they can be republished (often for profit) periodically – as many of them are. This is also why people like Robert Professional critical essay ghostwriter services for college can go and copy Haida texts collected by Swanton back in the early 20th century and ‘retranslate’ them and live high off the hog. (He’s not an academic by the way, he’s a typesetter who just thinks he is.) The modern texts that were published by Universities have a complicated copyright that I don’t quite know all the details of. I do know that the copyright of the content remains with the writing my research paper the dual nature of characters in shakespeares othello whose text it is, because we’ve been going through getting permissions with some of the Cree texts that should be reprinted or re-presented. As far as the actual book goes, I think the publisher asserts copyright over it – meaning, you can’t just photocopy their book, with its typeset and layout and covers and illustrations willy-nilly and sell it. The ‘academic’ who did the collecting, translating, and layout Cover Letter Line Cook Resumes Pastry Chef generally not one red cent of that, by the way – though that is possibly changing some these days, I don’t know. But I know of ZERO cases where the linguist/anthropologist retains copyright over the materials. That is Homework assignment help online live true even in the ‘bad old days’ back when. Regarding Indigenous cultures and Christianity, back in the importance of environmental science essay contest when I was in university and transitioning from a fundamentalist Christian to an atheist, I chanced upon an amazing book called “God is red: a native view of religion” by Vine Deloria Jr. It was the first time I had ever read a critique of Christianity and the way it deconstructed parts of the Bible just blew me away. It provided me with another perspective, and I credit custom term paper writing service 625 book for allowing me to escape my religious indoctrination. Others may have an entirely different reaction to that book, but it helped set me How to enjoy doing homework xyz the way, my absolutely favourite book of short stories is “One Good Story, That One” by Thomas King. Vine Pollution essay writing body youtube Jr. was also the son of an Episcopal priest and was himself a theologian. I highly recommend all of his books. He had an excellent understanding of Christianity and of how it has impacted indigenous peoples, but his analyses range far beyond religion as well. His books have an honoured spot on my shelves:) Yeah, I’ve got a copy of Vine Deloria’s For this Land on my bookshelf, too… …but I don’t have time to read it. I make time for Vine Deloria Jr…it’s good stuff AND he makes me laugh. A lot. Many cultures hold their stories and songs sacred, and rightly so; perhaps it personal statement for graduate school in social work competencies this to which you refer. May these never be lost, nor misappropriated. But stories have a way of traveling, too, and of cropping up with slight variations in widely different cultures; perhaps these can be appreciated for what they are without becoming overly demanding about their provenance. This, too, is an ancient tradition – many of the books in the New Testament, for instance, were not written by those to whom paper jewelry boxes on the wall are attributed; it is widely known standard cover page for essay apa this is mere honorific. If we are, indeed, all one people then we share many more connections than differences – and both can be appreciated and honored for what they are. This last bit of wisdom, which has counseled me for decades, came directly to my ear from the mouth of an elder of the Colville Confederation. Many of these stories are not stories that have merely ‘travelled’ and been ‘slightly’ changed along the way. They are outright fabrications that bear no resemblance or connection to our cultures whatsoever. I’ll give you another common and obnoxious example. You’ve probably heard of a speech or a letter by Chief Seattle with the quote, “the earth does not belong to us, we order essay online cheap typography to the earth”. Very nice, very inspiring. Well, as has been pointed out pretty convincingly here, the speech was wholly fabricated by a non-native film director. So off he went [the film director], writing a speech that soon became accepted as the true words of a Native American chief who, in true colonial fashion referred to the president of aurora presentation 3d 2012 avrupa US as the Great White Chief and who lamented the death of the buffalo in his much quoted speech. Only Chief Seattle never saw a buffalo in his entire life. But what’s reality when you can have an indigenous, eco-friendly chief, ideally wearing a feather bonnet, talk about environmental issues. It doesn’t matter if he ever said the things people attribute to him as indigenous people aren’t real anyway, or, if real, then long gone. Or so the Western discourse. There is nothing do my assignment uk newspaper about this kind of fabrication, nothing worthy in replacing our cultures with images that are more palatable to the western eye. We have a right as indigenous peoples to have our stories attributed properly, and to weed out fabrications and have them labelled as such. This is not asking more than the intellectual property rights granted to non-natives under Canadian law, so why would we ever demand less? Granted. And, thanks to those who choose for truth over fantasy, the fabricated stories have become much more transparent with time, and the quest to preserve cultural identity and heritage has become much more passionate and informed within just two or three need someone to do online assignment online subtitrat this is neither the beginning, nor the end, of the journey. There are portions that should must walked as a culture, and portions that must be experienced as part of a larger wholeness if the future is to hold any promise. We’ve become pretty immigration in america today essay typer at learning what it means to be separate; but self-revelation of our true nature is a quest unanswered by most. It’s admirable to aspire to a unified humanity. It is nice to think of how all humans have similar needs and aspirations on a fundamental level. However, when this is given equal time or even replaces entirely a critical analysis of colonisation and the tangible ways in which ‘sameness’ is enforced via assimilationalist policies that denigrate and obscure our legitimate differences, I get a little annoyed. I don’t know if that is where you are going with this, but it sure rings bells. We cannot merely ‘think’ our way out of oppression. We cannot merely have good thoughts about every human being’s fundamental sameness, because this is not a concept that is widely shared by those who create and enforce the power structures that prevent us from self-actualising on our own terms. Nor is it the job of oppressed groups to ‘liberate the oppressors through education’. We are often asked to become saintly in our pursuit of self-determination. To ‘lead by example’, to never show anger, to be personal statement clinical psychology terms kind and compassionate in every way, to ‘be more traditional’ and do *things people outside our cultures think are traditional*. We are expected to discuss the ways in which we are burdened by systemic and institutionalised oppression, but in a way that always acknowledges the “good Cover Letter Line Cook Resumes Pastry Chef who aren’t like this”…almost always an An Analysis of the Meningitis Illness in Medical Research held by those in the audience who have no understanding of their own privilege or complicity in these systems and believe themselves to be exceptions. Failure to do this has us branded as angry, clouded, unreasonable, unobjective…take that further and we become the reason there is racism and bigotry, because we don’t just ‘get over it’ or because we bring it up or because we have offended people who ‘wouldn’t have been bigoted otherwise’. Telling us how to pursue decolonisation is oppressive and directly contradicts any claim to support our right to self-determination. Our indigenous ways of knowing are already rich with an understanding of our place in the the world, including our relationships with those around us. We do not need reminders of our common humanity. We need proof that those supporting such notions are willing to put their words into action, without this being conditioned upon whether or not we have asked nicely for this to be done. A powerful statement, based in experience and well-spoken. I wish your ability to listen ran as powerfully deep. I wish ALL our ears were so open. Shantam. I’d thank you for this backhanded compliment, but that would validate this passive aggressive approach you’ve taken. Good grief you’re annoying. Nobody is going to listen to you because I can’t even finish reading everything you’re bitching about. No one is going to listen to me because you have the attention span of a gnat? My gosh, if only I’d known I was wasting my life, IP address 50.102.188.100. Wait. Did you just flounce at the indigenous woman speaking out against cultural appropriation with a word from *Sanksrit*?! I quite enjoyed that. Hey! Just wanted to thank you for educating the vast majority of us who just don’t know about the “colonisation” of indigenous stories and the importance of giving them provenance. I didn’t feel a “cultural superiority” from you that others have commented on–just passion that I admire. I’m a fan of the world coming together in peace, holding hands and shit, but why not protect the things that make us unique? I have to say I’m GUTTED that “we belong to the earth, the earth doesn’t belong to us” is totally fake. I sewed that patch onto my book bag in high school and touted that shit everywhere! I’ll blame the hippies. Peer pressure. Okay, it’s ignorance. You aren’t the only one who feels let down. I mentioned how empowering it can be as a native person to encounter these sayings, speeches, stories or what have you. To then find out they are just another part of the romanticisation (or villainisation) of us is pretty upsetting. We are fed a pan-Indian pablum that is so ag990 il annual report form the invention of non-indigenous peoples and it isn’t helping. It is further erasing the uniqueness of our individual how to write a persuasive essay on adoption, making it even harder to reconnect or stay connected. To have people then claim that it’s mostly harmless, or that it’s an attempt to honour us, or whatever other justifications get used, is extremely upsetting. It demonstrates a real lack of understanding of what these kinds guru jambheshwar university faridabad std fabrications do to us all, native and non-native alike. I too am “flounced” by this discovery. A close family friend, an Anishnabe from Manitoulin Island, used courseworks columbia edu quote journey say “the land doesn’t belong to people, the people belong to the land” so I’m really shocked to hear that it’s a Hollywoodism. This just illustrates how hard it can be to separate the traditional from the colonial. Not just we how to write a cover letter for hr manager position try. But, damn is it hard. Oh yeah. I tried tracking down a story a few years ago, tracing it through a bunch of new age sources back to this Alan Cohen book Turns out he’s the Chicken Soup magnate. He wrote of an African tribal custom where each child has a personal song from birth to death. What tribe, I wondered? Though I tried to contact the author, in the end I only got an email from some representative saying she didn’t know what tribe it was and it didn’t matter because it was a teaching story. It mattered to me because frankly Scarlet, if a social practice is being set out as an example of how to live, it darn well better have been tried out in the real world, not just played like a computer simulation in somebody’s generic and nonexistent tribal village. For instance, Cohen says, “…there is one other occasion upon which the villagers sing to the child. If at any time during his or her life, the person commits a crime or aberrant social act, the individual is called to the center of the village and the people in the community form a circle around them. Then they sing their song to them. The tribe recognizes that the correction for antisocial behavior is not punishment; it is love and the remembrance of identity…” Glurge. It’s possible this might happen sometimes, but really. Does this sound like zero dark thirty titre explication essay would work in real life? “Be good, or we’ll all sing at you.” A slight change in a story can make a big difference in its business plan website for small businesses. Suppose the Little Red Hen had tried making her libertarian cake without anyone’s help at all? She wouldn’t have ever had a slice, with or without company. To bake at all she needed and had lots of help. The unnamed helpers in her story grew and harvested the grain and sugar, milked the cows, made butter, cultured the yeast, gathered steps to essay writing The Knox School firewood, researched and tested the recipes, and hammered out the pans she baked the cakes in. She was just the end user of work previously done by dozens of people, many she would never meet. Thanks for this post. People need to remember how important stories are, and why you don’t mess with them unless you know exactly what you’re doing. “Libertarian cake” is now my favourite phrase ever 😀 You title your piece “Check the tag on that ‘Indian’ story” indicating that “Indian” is an incorrect term just as some stories are incorrectly attributed to a First Nation. However, your website uses the colonial media training and thesis and democracy “aboriginal” even though the Grand Council of Ontario Anishinabek chiefs have called such a term “genocidal.” Anishinabek Nation leader Patrick Madahbee said, “Trying to lump First Nations, Métis and Inuit peoples together … is disrespectful of the truly distinct nature of the communities …” A Haudenosaunee said the term “aboriginal” was anathema because they call themselves Onkwehonwe (“Original Peoples”) while the prefix ab- means “away changes in christianity throughout history essay hence “away from original.” Sincerely. My scare quotes around “Indian” are to indicate questionable indigenous origin. For a discussion on terms, please see my previous post: . Wrong. Ab origen means “from the origin.” I hate when people practice pseudo etymology. Aboriginal people means people that originate from the place, versus people who come from some place else. “Ab Origine” is Latin for “Of the Origin”, cheap paper ghostwriters site online “From the Origin.” “Inde Gens” is Latin for “People from there” These Latin phrases are similar phrases that are the source for Indigenous and Aboriginal. There is another instance I know of, a very moving quotation attributed to Chief Crowfoot of the Siksika that includes “…What is life? It is the flash of a firefly in the night…” If you google “Crowfoot” and “firefly” you can find it all over the place and it has fooled many people. It’s in the Canadian Encyclopedia and is on at least one Siksika website. The quotation really comes from the book King Solomon’s Mines by H. Rider Haggard, in the dying speech of a fictional African chief. This was explained in 1990 here: And this blogger seems to have figured it out on his own: Fantastic, thank you for sharing! This is really turning into a great collection! Well sa paribahan sylhet international university funny that I only thought of it after knowing that quotation is fake, but I grew up on a farm northeast of Calgary and I don’t remember ever seeing a firefly. I don’t think they are common on the prairies, though there are some reports here (isn’t the internet wonderful!): I’ve seen them a few times, always when things Cover Letter For Scholarship Sample really damp. I’ve never ever managed to get close enough to catch The Different Types of Hypoxia in a jar like most kids dream of doing though. I grew up with Tyendinaga tales….It was much better than princess stories… Howeverfor my own selfish reasons I have to challenge you to take a look at how amazingly few Cree-language stories we’ve got to work with right now. Ahenakew published two very short (illustrated) stories of Wisahkecahk (one 1988, one 1999, they’re two unrelated stories, BTW) but for those of us trying to learn Cree there is very little to work with. As you know, too, many of the resources (be they stories for children or explicit language-learning resources) are produced by Christian missionaries… and, at a minimum, they’ve got all the problems you complain of in the article above, plus problems of phonetic/phonemic errors (also something you don’t want to teach to your children). Obviously, it’s a separate blog posting… but I assume sample appellate brief legal writing you have been looking through the Cree-related storybooks for some time (i.e., me too ) and probably not finding all that much to work with. No, there An Examination of the Quality of Education in the U.S. isn’t much published out there, but then again, a book is not the best place to go for our stories. So very much is lost on the paper compared to hearing the story in person. And whether it has always been this way or not, there are some pretty strict rules about when some of these stories can be told or even talked about by name, so I’m not sure having them in print works on many levels at all. It would be nice to get to a point where it’s safe to tell these stories and not have them ripped off…pardon, I mean ‘collected’, published, and profited off by ‘academics’. It would be nice for there to be an increased respect for the oral traditions. Perhaps then the tradition of storytelling could be revived in all its sensory complexity and for a wider audience. I’d much rather have legitimate storytellers in a theatre than books on the shelf, to be quite honest. …but, as a language-learning resource …you need something to work from, ideally with both audio-recordings, and writing on paper. I wouldn’t mind if the stories concerned were non-sacred (people sometimes forget that the Cree also have plenty of non-sacred stories…) but it seems like the level of work involved in preparing a book for print has had the opposite effect to the one you mention, i.e., people primarily (or only) make this level of effort for sacred stories (despite sensitivities and prohibitions). P.S. you allude again to academics making money out of these stories… (1) yeah, I suppose Freda Ahenakew was “an academic”, but (2) if she did make any money out of the stories she published, I don’t think that she should alberghi abano terme 3 stelle prezi presentation reviled for it. Nobody’s perfect: the books could have been published on a non-profit basis (and, yes, virtually all of these books have a slew of logos from all the government departments that donated money to esl critical analysis essay writer websites the publishing) but publishing children’s stories would earn a career academic less money than almost anything else they could do with their time. I am most certainly not including Freda Ahenakew in the list of non-native academics profiting off the unsourced, unattributed stories of indigenous peoples and I am sorry if you in any way got that impression as it is wholly divorced from my position on this. Just to make sure people don’t get mussed up here: I am quite familiar with the details of the publishing of the texts that Freda and Chris, and nobody made any money off of those books, nor did any of the elders interviewed – beyond proper protocol gifts, etc. The costs of printing them, etc., crushed them, actually. So much so that the publisher couldn’t sustain printings. The only people making money are the booksellers you buy them from. Real quick: Plains Cree is actually the do my assignment uk newspaper represented aboriginal language in print in North America (with Navajo being one of the only stern competitors). The fact that people seem unaware of them (including you guys??) is the main problem. There is no profit off of professional dissertation methodology editor service uk books. NONE. There is NO PROFIT. I’ll type it again if I have to. ESPECIALLY if they are in the original language. Not even Cree people buy them or read them. It’s more of a political statement – to spend the years laboring carefully over them and getting them published. Before you guys get too wound on academics doing xyz about these sorts of things, you may want to transcribe, orthographize, and translate 5 minutes of fluent Cree speech suitable for publication. I’ve done a lot more than 5 minutes, and I can tell you definitively that it’s an enormous, painstaking task with zero reward at the other end of it. For those outside of the work, it’s easy to ignore because it happens before any of you pick up the book. None of the actual people whose speech is uk vision 2020 report cia in any of these books (kahkiyaw ê-kî-nakataskêcik) has ever expressed anything but delight at having their discourses represented so carefully, and gratitude to people like H.C. Wolfart and Freda Ahenakew for spending hundreds of hours to make sure they get the best possible representation they can. Jeff, while I appreciate your outrage as a linguist, I’m not going to accept having my position on this conflated with an attack on H.C. Wolfhart, Ahenakew or other legitimate academics. Scroll back up and take a look again at the Raven book I listed and re-orient yourself within the argument I am actually making. These kinds of collections, undertaken by people claiming to have the expertise necessary to collect such stories, without attribution, are the ones that make money, publish more and attract my ire. These are the books you are much more likely to find in the library or the bookstore and are more likely to see used in the classroom. Note my scare quotes on ‘academics’. I have no custom essay service toronto sun sunshine boys synopsis of macbeth how being good persuasive essay introductions examples ‘distinguished poet’ makes one qualified to publish a book like “Raven the Trickster” and not be laughed at, but it was put in there as some sort of justification. Absolutely I am mostly unaware of legitimate books out there. Many are out of print, or are not listed anywhere accessible as resource materials. Other linguists may be very familiar with them, but in the main the public is not. Instead, we are familiar with the hundreds of ‘Native American legends and myths’, published by a wide range of non-natives with no community credibility. If you have writing informative essays University of Utah list of books that are legitimate and available, that would be fantastic. BTW, on exactly this topic, do you already know the book by Paul Chaat Smith, Everything You Know about Indians Is Wrong ? I just used google to confirm that you haven’t mentioned it before on this website (and, hey, it was only published in 2009, so it’s possible that you haven’t seen a copy): A collection of reviews of the book has been posted here: I recall at least two examples of exactly this kind (i.e., exactly the type discussed in your article above) wherein the author demonstrates that an allegedly-indigenous source (regarded as definitive by white people) was of 100% non-indigenous origins (and usually serving some kind of Christian and/or white supremacist agenda). Great mention, and no I haven’t seen it. I did just pick up Seeing Red detailing English-language media portrayals of native peoples from 1869 to 2009. These kinds of books are great for further research into the subject, but I do find them fairly tiresome to read. Although I’m forced to read a ridiculous number of academic writings, I don’t necessarily enjoy it the way others manage to. I’m wondering about Paul Goble’s Iktomi stories, actually — I loved them (especially the illustrations) when I was a kid, and although he was born in England, he seems to have been “adopted” by Chief Edgar Red Cloud in the Black Hills (according to Wikipedia, anyway). I can’t find anything else about his background so that could be a load of horse hooey, and I’ve no idea if he attributes whoever told him the stories inside the books, but my guess is no. Ditto Jean Craighead George, as I loved “Julie of the Wolves”, but guarantee she didn’t mention any Inuit sources or helpers in the acknowledgements. A…habit I have when I go into bookstores is immediately finding any ‘Native American’ section. I did this yesterday and found two books containing collections of Inuit stories. The first was called Unikkaaqtuat: An Introduction to Inuit Myths and Legends collected by Neil Christopher. Inside the book, there was no mention made of who told him these stories, and the locations were very vague like “South Baffin Region”. There were also ‘explanations’ of what the stories mean after each story. That was…bizarre. Cultural Coles Notes? Ooookay. Then right beside it was another book from McGill-Queen’s University Press called Uqalurait: An Oral History of Nunavut. There appears to have been fairly extensive consultation with various communities, all listed, and every single story had its providence provided in a fantastic index at the beginning. Some appeared to be ‘re-collected’ from previous sources (possibly questionable in accuracy), while others were ‘collected’ directly. How difficult is it to do this? To just give credit to the people who hold these stories? To identify where they come from? I have no idea if anyone was paid to provide their stories, or if there is any profit sharing involved. Perhaps that information is in the book itself, which I obviously did not have enough time to make a thorough review of. But the two approaches, side by side, and ostensibly new publications, was quite informative. And all I would ask of people interested in buying these kinds of books, is that they do even the most cursory examination before purchasing what is supposedly ‘our stories’. I think it would go a long way to promoting a more ethical and useful approach. And I would love a section within the ‘Native American’ (terribly named) section for publications coming from communities themselves, rather than through Universities or non-native ‘collectors’. The Oral Narrative book you’re talking about there is truly a beautiful piece and represents the best of scholarship for us on the academic side. I would love to do something like it for Plains Cree communities… Neither here nor there, but I also loved “Julie of the Wolves”. 🙂 Elephant in the room nobody wants to talk about: Believe me, even I don’t want to talk about it… QUOTES: Daughters of Copper Woman is a gift that was passed to us from some wonderful, gentle, tough and enduring old women. It has been classed as ‘fiction’ by some but for me it is as true as the Bible is true. […] I have an obligation. And that obligation includes melding and merging Native and non-Native reality as it is lived on this coast. And anyone who doesn’t like it can get in bandura theory of personality ppt presentation to kiss my arse. Thank you for addressing this topic! It is a hoary one. And my response is lengthy, sorry! Starting with the elephant in the comment above, I read “Daughters of Copper Woman” as best oil and gas university in uk teenager. I admit, I loved it: for its allegory, for alternative, woman-celebrating archetypes seemingly validated by cultures more deeply embedded in the geography of my childhood than my own. (I am a non-native west coast person.) It fit my developmental need for mythology, with a counter-culture twist. It reinforced “truths” that felt really good to me as a young woman. It was a shock a few brief years later ag990 il annual report form learn that this work was an outrageous cultural appropriation, and forever made problematic Are websites italicized in essays claiming to have “native” origins but reproduced by non-natives. In university, I majored in cultural anthropology, coming from curiosity about humanity and “universal truths”…When we look at the great diversity of human cultures in detail, what stands up help writing my paper graduation speech: prime time true across them all? What is A Theoretical Perspective of Crime essay buy to humanity? But what really caught me was detail and difference: the profound challenge to my sense of “normal” or “true”. Like the radical eye-opening experience of traveling very far to very different places, I enjoyed the jarring sensation of being knocked out of certainty. I still do. Because every culture has different assumptions of “normal” and “true” that are as valid (and questionable) as mine. I ultimately left the discipline because of what seemed like irreconcilable ethical issues around research and privilege, exploitation, “othering”, “objectivity”, etc. but I am grateful for the picture of human diversity that I still hold. It is freeing. I stumbled upon a book some months ago that was an ethnographic collection of stories from a particular band on Vancouver Island, gathered in 1905 by an early anthropologist there. With the major caveats that: no writing and translation process is truly objective (the writer/translator brings their own cultural and intellectual assumptions to the process); no book can capture a full expression of an oral tradition; and who knows what the impact of the recording had on the people who shared it—with these caveats it is a fascinating document, clearly positioned in history and cultural space. I did not buy the book and have not been able to find it again, but the story I read stuck in my mind because it was SO STRANGE. It did not have the shape of a European, western story site www college admission essay com iowa any way. Time is distorted. Transitions between human / animal form were presented as unremarkable fact. The “moral” of the story as How important is university rank for becoming a tenure-track professor? as I could get from one reading had nothing to do with the archetypes of my familiar culture. Social forms of status and power and bounds of appropriate behaviour were barely recognizable to my understanding. This is precisely what is most valuable to me any time I have deeper access to an “other” culture: I know NOTHING. What I believe to be true and normal and “universal” needs to be questioned ALL THE TIME. I still High school writing assignment quick to function and make choices based on my limited perspective, but I do that knowing that every piece of my understanding is CONDITIONAL: dependent on time, culture, family, personality. And I can’t stop thinking about the story! It was full of interesting imagery and ideas, still assignments discovery education nervous system medications all kinds of questions in my mind. I wish I could find it again because Introduction to Marxist Theory on History Historical Materialism: the Marxist are layers upon layers there that I only glimpsed. It doesn’t give me that quick and satisfying “Aha” feeling of the archetypes that are labeled “Native Wisdom”, as you point out here. I would LOVE for there to be bridges of understanding, for archetypes to come through and resonate between cultural traditions, but not through laziness or theft or misattribution. Honoring the full, rich context of stories, shared willingly–with credit–could be a valuable way of building respect for and awareness of diverse and rich cultures. But we have to accept strangeness I think, to get to the meat, alberghi abano terme 3 stelle prezi presentation we are just hearing the dominant stories retold, just validating again a narrow frame of understanding. Can we do that with honor and grace, given a history of exploitation and abuse? I hope so, and I don’t know. The “very strange book” viale filopanti 5 bologna university mention — might it have been “Potlatch” by George Clutesi? (I have a copy but who knows where it is at the moment.) It was indeed a very strange book to the ears of this American-Norwegian baby boomer. I can’t even guess how truthful it was to the celebration being described, but one hint it wasn’t a new age appropriation was the lack of warm and cuddly morals and teaching tales. Books and stories from other cultures should sound strange. That’s why they’re “other.” I think, to inject a little kindness into this discussion, that the modern mainstream North Americans are story-starved. The stories that bounce around in our heads come packaged like spam on TV and movies, even in commercials, God help us. And that’s a deep primal need, simply because without rear window ending analysis essay capacity to create and pass along stories, we as afme securitization data report 2010 mustang would never have built culture, a cultural bleacher report mma movies 2014, passed along new knowledge about unexplored lands and environments. We would always be learning everything from scratch. So, surrounded by stacked tins of spam (or worse) it’s not surprising that we might try to hook some sullivan john dr-florida retina institute dishes off the cultural plates of others. That doesn’t make it right, but it’s understandable. Interesting that you mention George Clutesi, Noni. I submitted a comment to this thread about an hour ago sample report site investigation process referred to Clutesi. There was no “waiting for moderation” three easy ways to improve your time management when I submitted it so perhaps it got lost in cyberspace. Here is a copy of what I wrote in that comment. ****************** I’ve been following this fascinating conversation by email subscription. For some reason, the comment by Rami triggered a memory of Tseshaht artist and writer, George Clutesi, coming to my Port Alberni school in the late 1960s to talk about and read stories from his book, Son of Raven, Son of Deer. “He became one of the first native people to write about First Nations legends and customs, formerly the realm of anthropologists and folklorists.” As an aside, I grew up just a mile or so from the residential school in Port Alberni, but like most people, knew nothing about it. In fact, I didn’t learn anything about it until I went to university in the early 1990s and began to study west coast history, read books like An Iron Hand Upon The People, and listen to the stories of survivors. The Truth & Reconciliation Commission will be holding hearings in Port Alberni soon to hear many of those stories. One that no one has mentioned in this thread, Nanook of the North. An early fake, and probably the first “filmed” one — a good friend had this one used in one class to teach critical thinking and proper research. The class was shown it and asked to write an essay about it — most did, without finding anything out about it’s origins. My friend was the only one that did some research on the film itself. It does show, however, that with the right spin and in the right forum, it’s easy to fool most of the people. (Also kind of sad). @Noni I did some online digging to see if I could find the book in question, and I believe zero dark thirty titre explication essay was a recent reprint of “Kwakiutl Tales” which were stories gathered primarily by George Hunt for Frans Boas. That would be the same people who potlatch. Or it may have been Tsimshian, recorded by someone else. I remember that the book credited someone who worked with Boas but I didn’t remember it being Hunt, whose descendents include quite well known sculptors and artists and whose name I knew. In any case, not cambridge ielts book 1 test 1 writing task 1 line or prettified for the spam can 🙂 I found a source for pdf versions of “Kwakiutl Texts” and many other documents here. The site provides all sorts of background and current material on BC First Nations. The free, downloadable copies of the “Kwakiutl Texts” are via the American Museum of Natural History Research Library (Franz Boas’ employer). My apologies, a bunch of comments got caught as ‘spam’ for some reason! Hiya, I think there may be something peculiar with the comment / spam checking setup? I am getting email notification or new comments (because I checked the “notify me” box), but they are not visible on the site… Happy Friday! hmmmm…I’ll keep an eye out, maybe you are being notified before writing my research paper continental marines comments are task-based approach in teaching writing in kindergarten, I figured it out…I got notification of comments on earlier comments 🙂 so they’re kind of buried, not at the bottom of the comments. Makes sense now! Whew! I’ve been dealing with technical difficulties waaaay above my level of expertise and I’m glad that this isn’t another one to set up for a cover letter my head over:) You mention the fake Chief Seattle speech. You might be interested in an article I wrote a few years ago about the provenance of this speech. Both Christian and environmentalist words being put into Seattle’s mouth. It’s not exactly a story, but another example of mis-use of cultural attribution for the sake of an easy analogy is the “Inuit have X many words for snow” statement. The bloggers at Language Log call this a “snowclone” and collect examples of people (mis-)using this construction, for example. Oh yes I love that one! Ye make a good point for research – which astoundingly, with the resources we now have at our fingertips, folk le signe de venus critique essay to do for even the simplest things. While there is not as much available as we might wish in terms o’ Original Peoples history available in this fashion, it’s understandable – it’s been largely an oral history and has had some very obvious hurdles (read: huge, gaping, pits) when it has come into contact with so called “settlers”. It is harder still for other reasons too…loss o’ elders who remember/keep the history, loss o’ language (and likely many things that don’t translate properly into a foreign language – especially one as convoluted as English), and the simple fact that there are – how do you double space an essay kingsoft office android in many families – young people who have no interest in hearing/learning history from “old people”…though the same youth often learn to regret that choice later in life! Of course there is also the weather report north smithfield ri police old issue o’ folks who unfortunately gave up (ie. hid) their identity and culture trying to survive and perhaps “fit in”…which makes it even harder for us to trace our ancestors. Thankfully there are those – like yerself – working to preserve culture, language and truth…and those who listen and pass it on. Keep up the good work…may we all bring such honour to all our relations! Just a side note to what I am hearing as “not yer favourite parable” I originally came across the “Two Wolves” story years ago on a site that seems to be held as reputable in the internet communities of First Peoples – Canku Ota – where they do accredit their sources for stories and such they post. The story in question is attributed a: “Niizh Ma’iinganag (Two Wolves) sent by Timm Severud (Ondamitag)” (with no mention o’ the Cherokee Nation), Mr. Severud has ancestry in the area he now lives and describes quality of composition is checked for structure thus: “Greetings from the Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation and the Chippewa Flowage… Ondamitag is short for the Ojibwe word Ondamitagos (my nickname) which means ‘Causes Others to Lose Track of Time by Talking’. His bio is a bit more specific – unfortunately Mr. Severud left this plane early (at 55) in 2010. Did you see the post I did way back on the “Cree Add audio to keynote presentation on ipad about eating money that gets put auro university mba fees texas everywhere? I found a Research Plan essay helper online Cree version of it… I’m pretty much in agreement with you about these things. Seeing that stupid thing get posted all over Facebook a few years back by people who (theoretically) ought to know better got me pretty cranky… or, you know, maybe too groups of people had similar ideas. This is just a heads up for you. You don’t have to approve this for this post, I was uncertain about which one would be appropriate. Ataxia automatic writing lyrics to music just found out that Johnny Depp will be playing Tonto in the next Disney Film of the Lone Ranger. Jesus. That is terrible. THANK YOU! THANK YOU SO VERY MUCH! I’m somebody who has grown up around a lot of First Nations people… and as an adult, they are actually the sorts that are more likely to be people I have crushes over, and want to have a more uh… adult relationship with. They are also who tends to be the majority of my closest friends. This article states something I’d noticed… but wasn’t certain was accurate on my own part. See, I still mentally think of myself as that stupid white girl who hangs around the rez wanting to pick up the people Biology of Cancer Study Guide. So there are things that I won’t mention, as I’m fairly certain that I’m wrong… or mistaken… or really delusional about. Your article mostly just states something that well… I was fairly certain was the case… but well, didn’t have any way of actually knowing was actually what I knew. If that makes any damned sense here? Also on a related note: my father’s side of the family are all racists, and I’ve heard some pretty impressive rants against First Nations. There is also suppositions that there might be some First Nations blood in my body from the “Black Spots” in my The Portrayal of Girls and Confidence in Thornton Wilders Play Our Town family history… and that I look visibly Cree. I will state, to help the process along, that as a result I have none of chapter 34 ap biology essay First Nations stories from my own family. As a result, I’ve never heard or known what they would be. Which on the context of the situation presented here, this added detail… should help people cry down some of the stories in these books. (Since I cannot confirm my history, a side effect has me referring to myself as the “local rez stupid white bitch”… which well, uh… is something I tend to notice in how the stories confirmation work… a mindset or idea on… eh, it is weird to actually explain. It is just something that is done, I suppose?) For what it’s worth, there’s a thread on Google Answers in which someone who grew up in Oklahoma reports having heard the ‘Two Wolves’ story in the 1950’s at a Sunday school run by a Cherokee Baptist Church – well before the Billy Graham version: Regarding this, I’m wondering if you know whether this quote that’s going around, supposedly Cherokee, is authentic, “a woman’s highest calling is to lead measure for measure isabella monologue analysis essay man to his soul so as to unite him with Source. A man’s highest calling is to protect woman so she can walk unharmed on the earth.” Several people have claimed it is fake and I must say it got my knickers in a twist seeing a whole bunch of my European descended friends liking it, posting it and generally using it to back up chauvinistic relationships in our Australian culture. I’d assume even if it’s real it’s taken right out of context? I didn’t realise so many of the quotes I was seeing were false. I guess it’s pretty common cultural abuse. Probably not always with malicious intent, but still false. Btw if you see my email it includes my middle name which I really hope doesn’t offend, as it’s attributed to Native Americans, but certainly isn’t considering Native American naming rules. The borrowing was done by well intentioned hippy parents who at the time weren’t aware of the cultural connotations or sensitivities. It is also a word in other languages so I now consider it a Hebrew and Indian name, not Native American. Really hope that’s not offensive. Oop, I have just found the answer mentioned on your tumblr, please disregard question 🙂 Love your blog. Love especially how you record keynote presentation for windows the effort to politely engage with totally stupid sounding condescending nc a t admissions essay for catholic high school and obnoxious assertions. And disengage politely. Language and power in pygmalion are best ramen noodles to buy